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刘谦魔术热背后的魔术师生存状况

发布日期:2010-04-04

        刘谦火了,魔术的关注度越来越高,其实魔术这碗饭并不是那么好吃的,一个动作可能会练上一两个月,因为魔术这个东西是不允许有失误。这其中的枯燥只有自己才能体会。魔术是一种综合能力的考验,光学、化学、物理、数学、几何,心理学甚至木工、电工的技能也必须掌握,对个人的综合能力要求太高。自从刘谦的魔术在今年央视春晚引发了热潮之后,魔术与神秘的魔术师成了流行关键词,关于魔术是不是忽悠、魔术师是否有特异功能,他们该不该被媒体揭秘等也成为大家争论的焦点。“魔术”这个字眼注定成为2009年人们生活中不可或缺的时尚元素,关心魔术的多了,会魔术的似乎也多了,就连茶楼、公园甚至办公室里,都能看见拿副扑克牌就能琢磨半天的魔术爱好者。

        舞台上的魔术师翻云覆雨,脱下斗篷的魔术师也就是个普通人,一位慈祥的父亲、写字间的职员,或者只是教室里埋头苦读的学子。不过身上多了一丝与众不同的“魔气”。杨屹和老婆是表演的搭档,所以他们才几个月的儿子就成为他们表演的第一位观众。有个魔术师爸爸,孩子成天习惯鼓掌欢迎的动作。在记者采访过程中,孩子突然吵闹起来,杨屹从背后拿出一张纱巾,“儿子看!”只见他手一抖,纱巾变成了魔术棍,孩子立刻拍手笑起来。

        黄林也是一位初三孩子的父亲,有时候黄林会透露一些简单小魔术窍门给他。不过,儿子知道这些窍门必须保密,如果在学校给同学一讲,岂不是砸了父亲的饭碗。黄林说:“最近魔术火了,虽然在工作量上没有增加,不过儿子的同学常常想拜我为师。我儿子都知道,要当魔术师,哪有那么简单。”

        还在成都理工大学就读的学生刘世学,在学校组织成立了魔术社,已经有70多位社员。刘世学成了学校社会实践的领头人,经常组织一些街头魔术表演,让身边的同学能够用魔术来接触社会。


  魔术其实在古代就已存在,很多魔术师都有自己的家传“秘方”,这一点和戏曲、相声等传统技艺类似,要么拜名家为师,要么家族代代相传。不过在信息时代发展的今天,这种传统的方式已经不是惟一,魔术的门槛放低之后,更多的草根魔术师从百姓中走了出来。

  在成都鼎鼎大名的魔术师杨屹在1998年开始接触魔术,他一边继续着自己的小品表演,但同时也不断的自学魔术基础知识,收集魔术表演的资料。通过了几年的学习,他终于在2005年开始了自己独立的魔术表演,并且一发不可收拾。“我当时一直想把舞蹈融入魔术当中,但是魔术师身上要藏很多东西,跳舞很容易穿帮。”就因为这个难度被他最终克服,才为他赢得了同行的尊重和琳琅满目的奖杯,他的名气慢慢大了起来。特别是最近两年,由于自己的时尚风格,他连续在湖南卫视、东南卫视、江西卫视、中央电视台的魔术节目中登台亮相,他的舞台已经不局限与成都,而是全国。

  由于魔术需要一定的形体要求和舞台经验,不少魔术师也是从戏曲演员转型而来,黄林之前是一位川剧变脸演员,后来觉得魔术更有市场,就跟随川剧院、杂技团的魔术老前辈学习魔术。后来也是通过网络,他了解国际上比较先进的魔术表演方式,自己创新,形成了特有的风格。现在成都的魔术师一半都是非常年轻的80后族群,参加工作不久的陈辉,目前的本职工作是保险公司职员。他就是突然从家里翻出一本解密魔术的旧书,开始对魔术的疯狂学习,并且成为一名出色的兼职魔术师。


        近期的魔术热都是刘谦带动的,成都的魔术师杨屹和刘谦是老相识。今年1月,杨屹受邀前往台湾录制著名主持人张菲的节目《综艺大哥大》,现场就与刘谦同台献艺。“刘谦的成功并非偶然,他把魔术的所有长处都展现出来了。”杨屹说,其实圈内人看其他魔术师表演很枯燥,比如刘谦的表演,大家都知道谜底,但却都在认真学习刘谦如何调动观众情绪,如何组织幽默的语言。“以便让我们的表演更加有诱惑力。”

  记者走访了几位成都本地的魔术师,他们中有的功成名就,有的只是初出茅庐,有的则埋头苦干用魔术养家糊口,有的是职业魔术师,有的只是周末兼职,有的还只是学生而已。通过几天的采访,记者走进了这个“魔圈”,解密这个“魔力”族群的生活现状。其实刘谦带来的热潮尚未让他们的身价和演出场次增加,而更多的是激起大众对魔术的好奇、媒体对魔术表演的关注。

  在成都从事魔术表演的人有上百人,除去几位魔术表演的前辈外,有近30名年轻魔术师活跃在成都各大娱乐场所和各种商业演出中。魔术师在商演中一直比较吃香,成都有众多的酒吧、演艺吧,这些地方每晚都需要魔术表演。不仅如此,逢年过节,各大宾馆的派对、圣诞晚会、跨年酒会、公司年会上都需要各种档次的魔术表演,所以魔术师的生活还算不错。

  据了解,根据魔术师名气的大小、技术的高低和魔术类型的不同,成都魔术师的身价一般是几百到几千元不等,也有少数全国范围内都知名的魔术师身价更高。除了少数职业魔术师每天都有演出之外,多数魔术师都是兼职。他们或者是在校的学生,或者有固定工作,下班后摇身一变,他们也能“点石成金”。

  和所有的工作一样,魔术师的收入也是分了档次的,不同的魔术师、不同的魔术类型酬劳都有出入,几百到上万元不等。职业魔术师演出机会多,兼职的魔术师则以娱乐为主,“活路”都是看心情和工作时间而定。但总的来说,他们的收入还算不错。


  已经在金菊奖、世界魔术大赛等多种比赛上获奖的杨屹身价是最高的,由于他的舞台已经延伸到全国,所以经常打“飞的”到处跑,据记者估算,杨屹的出场费最高达上万元。“别以为我挣得多,魔术是一个高投入的表演。制作一个道具就要用上数千元,而且道具做出来之后并不是每次都成功,一旦制作失败,或者效果不好,那这几千元就打了水漂。”

  此外,杨屹参加公益活动,也从不收取分文。他说,刚开始表演魔术的时候,都差点要放弃了,因为自己投入太多却没有回报,只花费,没有收入,家里开支过大。但随着知名度的提高,杨屹的生活质量有了改观,过上了有车有房的小康生活,还租了个小仓库放自己的道具。“赚钱已经不是主要目的,我想在魔术上有更多的突破。”
        魔术师黄林的想法现实很多,他很少参加魔术比赛,始终默默无闻地战斗在表演第一线。“魔术是我的本事,我就靠这手艺养家糊口。”从去年10月起,黄林平均一天就有一个表演,最高的时候月收入可以上万元。不过黄林同样谈到,舞台魔术的表演成本太高,收入的40%都会用于制作道具,所以他只能不停地接各种演出糊口度日。

  年轻的魔术师刘世学身价肯定不能和前辈相比,不过他很自豪地告诉记者,自己从高三开始,就没有找家里要过一分钱。原本家里比较反对他学习魔术,但当他连上大学的数万元学费都全靠自己表演挣得时,家里再也没有为难过他。

  Liu Qian fire, and magic of the attention, more and more, in fact, magic is not so tasty that bowl of rice, an action may be practiced on one or two months, because magic does not allow this thing is a mistake. This one's boring only alone can appreciate. Magic is a comprehensive ability test, optics, chemistry, physics, mathematics, geometry, psychology and even carpentry, electrical skills must be mastered, the comprehensive capacity of individuals asking for too much. Since Liu Qian's magic in the CCTV Spring Festival Evening this year triggered a wave, the Orlando Magic has become popular with the mysterious words on the magic is not 忽悠, magicians have specific functions, they should not be the media Jie Mi, also become a debate. "Magic," they are destined to become an integral part of people's lives in 2009's fashion elements, more concerned with magic, magic seems to be more, even restaurants, parks and even in the office, can see the deputy cards to get Magic fans can be refined for half a day.

  Stage magician blowing hot and cold, take off the cloak of a magician is a man, a kind father, office staff, or just knuckled down to study for students in the classroom. But more than a hint of difference who the "magic gas." Yang Yi and his wife are performing partner, son, only a few months they became the first audience they perform. One magician father, the children used to applaud the action all day long. In the interview process, the child suddenly quarrel, Yang Yi out from behind a veil, "his son to see!" Saw strong flick of his hands, scarf into a magic stick, the children clapped and laughed at once.

  Huang Lin is also a father of three days of sometimes Huang Lin will reveal a small number of simple magic tricks to him. However, his son know that these tricks must be kept confidential to the students in a school for a talk, would not be smashed his father's job. Huang Lin said: "The magic of fire recently, though there is no increase in the workload, but the son often would like to thanks to my students as a teacher. My son knows, wants to be a magician, how can there be so simple."

        Chengdu University of Technology also Liu of students learning in schools set up a magic society organizations, has over 70 members. Liu became a school social science practice leader, often organize street magic shows, so the students can use the magic around them to reach the community.


  Magic actually existed in ancient times, many magicians have their own peculiar "secret" and this drama, comic dialogues, and other traditional techniques similar to or worship the famous as a teacher, or the family from generation to generation. However, development in the information age of today, this traditional approach is not the only, lower the threshold of magic, the more grass-roots people in the magician came out from.

  In Chengdu, the famous magician Yang Yi magic touch in 1998, he continued his pieces while performing, but also constantly learning the basics of magic, magic shows data collected. Through the years of study, he finally began in 2005, its own independent magic show, and out of control. "I was trying to dance into the magic of them, but the magician who want to possession of a lot of things, very easy to dance it away." Because of this difficulty was eventually overcome his only earned him the respect of peers and the dazzling array of trophies, he big up slowly fame. Especially in the last two years, due to their own fashion style, he continuously in Hunan TV, the South East Satellite TV, Jiangxi TV, CCTV's Magic debut program, and his stage is not limited and Chengdu, but national.

  As the magic requires a certain physical requirements and stage experience, a lot of magician is an actor from the transition from opera, Huang Lin is a Sichuan Opera face before the actor, then that magic is more market, following the River Theater, the old magic circus senior learning magic. Later, also through the network, his understanding of the international magic show on the more advanced methods, their innovations, forming a unique style. Chengdu is now half of all very young magician, after 80 ethnic groups, to work near Chen Hui, the current insurance companies staff their jobs. He is suddenly pulls out a declassified from the home of magic books, magic the madness began to learn and become an outstanding part-time magician.


  Recent magic heat are driven by Liu Qian, Chengdu, Yang Yi and Liu Qian magician is an old acquaintance. This year in January, Yang Yi was invited to Taiwan to record a famous host Chang Fei's program, "Variety Big Brother", live on the same stage and Liu Qian. "Liu Qian's success is no accident, he has all the strengths of both magic show out." Yang Yi said, in fact, insiders look at the other magician performing very boring, such as Lu Chen's performance, we all know the answers, but they are Lu Chen of seriously learning how to mobilize the audience emotions, how to organize the language of humor. "In order to make our show even more attractive."

  Chengdu reporter interviewed several local magician, who in some fame, some only a fledgling, while others work hard to feed their families with magic, some professional magician, and some part-time only on weekends, and some students it is . Through several days of interviews, the reporter walked into the "magic circle", decrypt this "magic" Life of ethnic groups. In fact, Liu Qian, the fever brought not make their price and performances increase, but more of a stir on the magic of the curious public, the media attention on the magic shows.

  In Chengdu, the people involved in magic shows hundreds of people, except for a few magic shows predecessors, there are nearly 30 active young magician in Chengdu and major entertainment performances in a variety of business. Magic has been in the business forward more admired, there are many bars in Chengdu, the performing arts it, these places need magic show every night. Moreover, the holidays, the big hotel parties, Christmas parties, New Year's Eve reception, the company needs the annual meeting of the various grades of magic show, the magician's life that was good.

  It is understood that, according to the size of known magician, technology level and the different types of magic, magician's worth of Chengdu is generally several hundred to several thousand dollars, a small number of nationally known magicians are worth more. Apart from a few professional magicians perform daily, the majority are part-time magician. They or the students in the school, or a steady job, transformed after work, they can "spin gold from straw."

  And all the work, like a magician's income is divided grades, different magician, different types of rewards are out of magic, hundreds to the thousands. Opportunities to perform professional magician, part-time magician Zeyi entertainment oriented "way out" are looking mood and working hours. But overall, their income quite well.


  The plant has been in the prize, the World Magic Contest and other competitions, Yang Yi worth winning is the highest, because of his stage has been extended to the country, I often play the "fly" everywhere, according to press estimates, Yang Yi's appearance charges up to the million. "Do not think I earn more, Magic is a high investment performance. To make a prop should spend several thousand dollars, and the props do not come out after every time, once the production failure, or ineffective, then this thousands of dollars on failed to be implemented. "

  In addition, Yang Yi participate in public welfare activities, and never collected a cent. He said the time had just started performing magic are almost to be abandoned, because they put too much input did not return, only the cost, no income, family expenditure. However, with greater recognition, Yang Yi has improved the quality of life, and lived a comfortable car with living room and also rented a small warehouse up their props. "Money is not the main purpose of the magic I would like to have more breakthroughs."
        Huang Lin's idea of reality magician lot, he rarely participated in the Magic game, and always unknown to the first line of battle in performance. "Magic is my ability, I support the family through this craft." Since October of last year, Huang Linping all day there will be a show, when the highest monthly income to the million. But Huang Lin also mentioned that the cost of high performance stage magic, 40% of revenue will be used to make props, so he can keep access live performances make ends meet.

  Young magician certainly not worth Liu and senior school compared to, but he proudly told reporters that he started from the Middle School, there is no home to find a penny. Comparison of the original house to learn magic against him, but he even several million university tuition fees are earned thanks to their performances, the house never to upset him.
  

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2010年4月5日