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魔术师-胡安·达马利兹

发布日期:2009-11-30

            西班牙的魔术非常优秀,而胡安·达马利兹则被称为“西班牙所有魔术师的老师”。胡安·达马利兹已经66岁了,你很难想象他居然能在舞台上持续两个多小时不停地连跳带说,每次一个魔术表演成功他都会欢快地蹦得老高,有时为了吓唬观众还要厉声尖叫,那个并不健壮的身躯中似乎有着用不完的能量,让现场气氛像是在狂欢。如此高强度的工作,这位老人居然说他一点也不累,“因为我热爱魔术,它让我充满激情。”

  “我有个朋友97岁了还在表演魔术,我保证自己只要再演30年就退休。”对于魔术的热爱让胡安舍不得离开这个舞台。他说自己生活里很害羞,可是一登上舞台就像换了个人,就有使不完的力气,觉得十分开心和幸福。他认为魔术师的艺术生命与年龄、技巧无关,最重要的是魔术师要保持学习的动力,内心保持对魔术的激情,就像是在体内燃烧火焰,并用这种火焰去感染别人。



记者:戏法与魔术有何不同?


胡安:“变戏法”作为一种向外输出信息的方式,比“魔术”低一等级,因为后者要依赖表演者的风格及个人魅力,全程调动观众的兴奋点,而不仅仅是制造昙花一现的惊奇效果。
  兴奋点其实与“肾上腺素”的分泌有关,这种激素能促使心肌收缩力加强、兴奋性增高,因此魔术师要懂得如何让观众“心跳加快”。在表演时,我会使用很多小手段,比如“猜牌”魔术,我会提前告知观众自己要猜三次,且前两次会故意猜错,那么面对仅剩的唯一机会,现场必然激发紧张气氛,当我“终于”找到正确答案时,每个人都会很兴奋——不到最后一刻坚决不揭晓正确答案,这一招屡试不爽。

记者:一场魔术中会有多少兴奋点?


胡安:兴奋点并不在于数量的多少,而在于它出现的时机,来得早不如来得巧。我认为,魔术中蕴含着一种“心理较量”,魔术师会提前布置好若干个“兴奋点陷阱”,然后带着观众“跳进去”。有趣的是,没有人会产生“被骗”的感觉,因为一切都那么自然。
  比如一个扑克牌转移的小把戏,我没有选择和助手来完成,而是请上一男一女两名观众,他们各自抽取10张牌,然后让在座观众随机说出一个数字,比如3,整个过程我看似完全没有参与,而观众也因此陷入了思考——魔术师究竟会以何种方式做手脚?结果女孩手中的3张牌消失了,我只在一旁微笑而已。当观众再次等待那3张牌出现在男观众的手中时,他们却意外地发现他手中仍只有10张牌,期望又一次落空了。在一次次的意外后,我从男观众的兜里拿出那3张牌,观众一片喝彩。这就是“心理较量”,所有的铺垫都是为了最后一刻的惊奇。

记者:您如何定义一名优秀的魔术师?

胡安:一位优秀的魔术师需要在表演中调动身体的各个部位。“手指动作”和“站立位置”尤其重要。因为在一些魔术中,如果手指弯曲的弧度不够,或者侧身站立的角度不佳,观众就很容易发现藏在魔术师手中的道具,破绽是最不能容忍的失败。

记者:您6岁开始学习魔术,是什么让您坚持了60多年?


胡安:尽管在别人看来,魔术师的工作就是为大家表演,然后有人付给我们薪水。然而实际上,这是一个能量循环的过程,我们在舞台上释放有趣的能量感染观众,反过来观众的掌声使我们幸福而主动地精进技巧,再然后,新的魔术会带来新的能量,如此往复,不会因为某个老板的支票而停下来。

 

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          Spain's magic is very good, but Juan Damalizi was known as the "Magic of Spain for all the teachers." Juan Damalizi has been 66 years old, it's difficult to imagine that he actually be able to continue on the stage more than two hours non-stop even the dance band, says that whenever a successful magic show that he would joyfully jumped too Lao Gao, sometimes In order to scare the audience but also harshly screaming, that does not seem to have a robust body could ever use of energy, so that in the carnival like atmosphere. Such a high-intensity work, the old man as far as saying that he was not tired, "because I love magic, it makes me passionate." 


          "I have a friend 97 years old and still performing magic, I certify that I ring again, as long as 30 years to retire." For the love of magic so that Juan could not bear to leave the scene. He said that his life is very shy, but on stage is like a changed person, there are so endless effort, I feel very happy and happiness. He believes that a magician's art to life and age, skill has nothing to do, the most important thing is to maintain the motivation to learn magician, mind magic to maintain the passion, like a flame burning in the body, and to infect others with this flame. 


          "magic" as a way of exporting information than the "magic" low a level, because the latter rely on a performer's style and personal charm, full mobilization of the audience's excitement, not just the manufacture of flash in the pan surprise effect. 
          In fact, excitement and "adrenaline" and secretion of this hormone can promote efforts to enhance myocardial contractility, excitability increased, so a magician to know how the audience "heartbeat." In the show, I will use a lot of small means, such as "guess" brand magic, I will be informed in advance by the audience they have to guess three times, and the first two will be deliberately am wrong, then the only remaining opportunity to face, on-site must inspire tension, when I "finally" to find the right answer, everyone is very excited - less than a firm is not revealed at the last minute the correct answer, this move has applied successfully.